Hello guys , I am here to Unveil the top 10 careers in computer ,We all know computer is everywhere and very useful to human being. More so, It one of the highest paying job around the globe.Sit back and enjoy as i list the top 10 careers in Computing.... I hope you will like it.
1. Applications Architect
An applications architecture describes the behavior of applications used in a business, focused on how they interact with each other and with users. It is focused on the data consumed and produced by applications rather than their internal structure. In application portfolio management, the applications are usually mapped to business functions and to application .
The applications architecture is specified on the basis of business and functional requirements. This involves defining the interaction between application packages, databases, and middle-ware systems in terms of functional coverage. This helps identify any integration problems or gaps in functional coverage. A migration plan can then be drawn up for systems which are at the end of the software life cycle or which have inherent technological risks.
Applications architecture means managing how multiple applications are poised to work together. It is different from software architecture, which deals with technical designs of how a system is built
Suggested Degrees:Computer Science, Data Science, Information Systems
2. Manager, Applications Development
Application Development is barely mentioned in the ITIL books, as ITIL focuses on different topics like service design and rollout. At IT Process Maps we decided to eliminate that gap by introducing an Application Management process which takes care of the actual application coding and the customization of standard software packages.
Even if ITIL Application Management is generally regarded a field of its own, we think an Application Management process must be included in any ITIL process structure to make sure that there are clearly defined interfaces between the design, development and rollout stages of a service. The process overview of ITIL Application Development (.JPG) is showing the most important interfaces (see Figure 1).
Note: ITIL 2011 does not provide a detailed explanation of all aspects of Application Development. Rather, it highlights the most important activities and assists in identifying interfaces with other Service Management processes.
Suggested Degrees:Management, Computer Science, Information Systems
3. Manager, Information Systems Security
Information security (InfoSec) describes activities that relate to the protection of information and information infrastructure assets against the risks of loss, misuse, disclosure or damage.
Information security management (ISM) describes controls that an organization needs to implement to ensure that it is sensibly managing these risks.
The risks to these assets can be calculated by analysis of the following issues:
- Threats to your assets: These are unwanted events that could cause the deliberate or accidental loss, damage or misuse of the assets
- Vulnerabilities: How susceptible your assets are to attack
- Impact: The magnitude of the potential loss or the seriousness of the event.
Standards that are available to assist organizations implement the appropriate programmes and controls to mitigate these risks are for example BS7799/ISO 27000, Information Technology Infrastructure Library and COBIT.
Suggested Degrees:Cyber Security, Information Systems, Manager
4. Software Engineer
Software engineering is the application of engineering to the design,development, implementation, testing and maintenance of software in a systematic method.
Typical formal definitions of software engineering are:
- "research, design, develop, and test operating systems-level software, compilers, and network distribution software for medical, industrial, military, communications, aerospace, business, scientific, and general computing applications."
- "the systematic application of scientific and technological knowledge, methods, and experience to the design, implementation, testing, and documentation of software";
- "the application of a systematic, disciplined, quantifiable approach to the development, operation, and maintenance of software";
- "an engineering discipline that is concerned with all aspects of software production";
- and "the establishment and use of sound engineering principles in order to economically obtain software that is reliable and works efficiently on real machines
Suggested Degrees:Computer Science, Computer Engineering
5. Network Architect
Network architecture is the design of a communication network. It is a framework for the specification of a network's physical components and their functional organization and configuration, its operational principles and procedures, as well as data formats used in its operation.
In telecommunication, the specification of a network architecture may also include a detailed description of products and services delivered via a communications network, as well as detailed rate and billing structures under which services are compensated.
The network architecture of the Internet is predominantly expressed by its use of the Internet Protocol Suite, rather than a specific model for interconnecting networks or nodes in the network, or the usage of specific types of hardware links.
Suggested Degrees:Computer Science, Information Systems
6. Manager, Data Warehouse
In computing, a data warehouse (DW or DWH), also known as an enterprise data warehouse (EDW), is a system used for reporting and data analysis, and is considered as a core component of business intelligence environment. DWs are central repositories of integrated data from one or more disparate sources. They store current and historical data and are used for creating analytical reports for knowledge workers throughout the enterprise. Examples of reports could range from annual and quarterly comparisons and trends to detailed daily sales analysis.
The data stored in the warehouse is uploaded from the operational systems (such as marketing, sales, etc., shown in the figure to the right). The data may pass through anoperational data store for additional operations before it is used in the DW for reporting.
Suggested Degrees:Data Science, Computer Science, Management
7. Data Architect
A data architect is a practitioner of data architecture, an information technology discipline concerned with designing, creating, deploying and managing an organization's data architecture. Data architects define how the data will be stored, consumed, integrated and managed by different data entities and IT systems, as well as any applications using or processing that data in some way. It is closely allied with business architecture and is considered to be one of the four domains of enterprise architecture.
- Organizes data at the macro level (i.e. which subject areas are managed in which golden sources)
- Organizes data at the micro level, data models, for a new application.
- Provides a logical data model as a standard for the golden source and for consuming applications to inherit.
- Provides a logical data model with elements and business rules needed for the creation of DQ rules.
Suggested Degrees:Data Science, Computer Science
8.Manager, Software Quality Assurance (QA) / Testing
Quality assurance (QA) is a way of preventing mistakes or defects in manufactured products and avoiding problems when delivering solutions or services to customers; which ISO 9000 defines as "part of quality management focused on providing confidence that quality requirements will be fulfilled". This defect prevention in quality assurance differs subtly from defect detection and rejection in quality control, and has been referred to as a shift left as it focuses on quality earlier in the process.
Quality assurance comprises administrative and procedural activities implemented in a quality system so that requirements and goals for a product, service or activity will be fulfilled. It is the systematic measurement, comparison with a standard, monitoring of processes and an associated feedback loop that confers error prevention. This can be contrasted with quality control, which is focused on process output.
Two principles included in quality assurance are: "Fit for purpose" (the product should be suitable for the intended purpose); and "right first time" (mistakes should be eliminated). QA includes management of the quality of raw materials, assemblies, products and components, services related to production, and management, production and inspection processes.
Suitable quality is determined by product users, clients or customers, not by society in general. It is not related to cost, and adjectives or descriptors such as "high" and "poor" are not applicable. For example, a low priced product may be viewed as having high quality because it is disposable, whereas another may be viewed as having poor quality because it is not disposable
Suggested Degrees:Computer Science, Management
9. UX Designer
User experience design (UX, UXD, UED or XD) is the process of enhancing user satisfaction by improving the usability, accessibility, and pleasure provided in the interaction between the user and the product. User experience design encompasses traditional human–computer interaction (HCI) design, and extends it by addressing all aspects of a product or service as perceived by users
Suggested Degrees:Graphic Design, Psychology, Marketing
10. Database Manager
A database is an organized collection of data. It is the collection of schemas, tables, queries, reports, views, and other objects. The data are typically organized to model aspects of reality in a way that supports processes requiring information, such as modelling the availability of rooms in hotels in a way that supports finding a hotel with vacancies.
A database management system (DBMS) is a computer software application that interacts with the user, other applications, and the database itself to capture and analyze data. A general-purpose DBMS is designed to allow the definition, creation, querying, update, and administration of databases. Well-known DBMSs include MySQL, PostgreSQL,Microsoft SQL Server, Oracle, Sybase, SAP HANA, and IBM DB2. A database is not generally portable across different DBMSs, but different DBMS can interoperate by using standards such as SQL and ODBC or JDBC to allow a single application to work with more than one DBMS. Database management systems are often classified according to the database model that they support; the most popular database systems since the 1980s have all supported the relational model as represented by the SQL language. Sometimes a DBMS is loosely referred to as a 'database'.
Suggested Degrees:Data Science, Management, Computer Science
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